Srinivasa Ramanujan Iyengar, also known as Ramanujan was a South Indian mathematics prodigy whose work contributed to the field of integrals and infinite series. He was born on 22 December 1887 in Erode, India. From an early age Ramanujan was fascinated by mathematics, and studied various theorems by the age of fifteen. This foundation and keen interest for the subject allowed him to formulate his own theories which allowed him to publish his first paper in 1911. In 1913, Ramanujan came into contact with G. H. Harding, who was also a mathematical prodigy, and secured a seat at Cambridge University in England.
Together with Harding, Ramanujan published over 20 mathematical papers and was granted the Bachelor of Science for research in 1916. Two years later, he became a member of the Royal Society of London. His work included contributions into the number theory, the theory of modular forms, and mock theta functions. His contributions allowed for further research to be done in various mathematical as well as scientific fields.
Unfortunately, due to the wet English weather, feelings of loneliness, and vulnerability to the harsh cold temperature led him to contract illness and eventually disease. He left Britain in 1919, to return to India, where he hoped to recover. However on 26 April 1920, Ramanujan died of illness at the age of 32 years.
His work continues to inspire mathematicians to research and discover new ideas. All together, Ramanujan published 37 papers and left a tremendous amount of work behind in his notebooks. In April of 2016, a biographical movie about Ramanujan released, called “The Man Who Knew Infinity”, starring Dev Patel. It has been praised by many as being an accurate film about the life of the great mathematician.